Stroke is a hazardous health condition resulting from the sudden death of the brain cells resulting from insufficient oxygen supply. The after effects of stroke vary from one person to another depending on the extent of damage of the brain. Apart from death, patients may suffer from other complications including complete or partial paralysis, speaking disability, memory problems etc.
What causes Stroke?
Several causes much similar to that of heart diseases can lead to the occurrence of stroke. Taking a note of these causes can be helpful in stroke prevention regarded as precautionary step to avoid dangerous consequences. Following are some of the most important factors that can cause stroke.
Excessive Smoking and Drinking
Excessive alcohol intake raises the fat stores and cholesterol in the arteries. This can cause a stroke later in life. Formation of clots in the blood vessels blocks the oxygen supply to the brain. Tobacco products contain cadmium that aids in blood clotting in the vessels.
Stress and Depression
Depression is a major cause of strokes especially in middle-aged women. Women in the age group of 47-52 are at a greater risk of encountering a stroke.
Very high calorie diet including too much of fast food, beverage consumption and other food containing high quantity of Trans fat raises the cholesterol levels in the body. This can later cause stroke.
Obesity or condition where the person acquires a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher is at a risk of experiencing stroke. Obesity is associated with several other health complications including cardiac diseases, diabetes, cholesterol, high blood pressure, etc. All these diseases in the body trigger the chances of stroke.
Extreme high blood pressure can lead to the occurrence of the Hemorragic stroke or the cerebral hemorrhage. The prolonged condition without any sort of treatment can cause the bursting of the small arteries and obstruct the supply of oxygen in the area of the brain. Immense pressure builds up in the brain due to the constant flow of blood.
What is stroke treatment?
The stroke treatment involves both surgical and non-surgical procedures depending upon the type of stroke and the affected area of the brain.
The non-surgical procedure involves the use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) injection to burst the clot of blood in the brain. If the injection does not work, then anti platelet medicines are used. This sort of procedure is used for treating patients with ischemic stroke.
The surgical procedure is also performed to open or widen the arteries.
The process is used to remove the plaque in the carotid artery and widen it.
A balloon is used for widening the carotid artery and a metallic mesh tube (stent) is used to hold it in the open state.
Recovery from Stroke
The recovery time for stroke patients may vary depending upon the case history and present health condition. People suffering paralysis, difficulty in speech may require long term caring to recover. Problems such as talking or moving may reduce over a period of few weeks or months. Some patients with severe mobility problems may be shifted to the stroke rehabilitation centers. At home, these people require more caring and medical treatment to recover.